Working Areas

Climate Change
Although Nepal has negligible contribution in GHG emission, climate change has tremendously distressed both human and ecological systems in Nepal. Thus, it has direct impact on development process.

More than two third of Nepalese make their livelihood through agriculture. As farming overwhelmingly depends on nature, agriculture is more
vulnerable to climate change as compared to other sectors. This has made a huge group of people and their livelihood precarious. Farmers can cope some of the changes but once the threshold is crossed they need support. Due to low level of adaptive capacity of farmers and fragile agriculture systems, they need support in order to enhance their knowledge, skill and ability to manage agriculture and other ecosystems services.

Realizing these needs, Ecological Services Centre has been working with farmers in order to support their on-going process of adaptation in agriculture. Ecoscentre has been supporting farmers` groups in 5 districts for climate smart agriculture and major activities include training/capacity building, awareness raising, community level adaption plan preparation, action research, promotion of innovative technologies and knowledge/experience sharing.

Organic Agriculture
Conventional agriculture, these days, is often blamed for impairing human and ecosystem health. This has stirred people worldwide to ponder on environmental protection and healthy food production. Nowadays, a different school of thought has emerged in the realm of agriculture advocating quality food production along with environmental conservation. Embracing this principle of sustainability in agriculture sector, Ecological Services Centre is constantly working since its inception to promote organic agriculture in Nepal. We are one of the leading organisations and pioneer in Nepal to bring this concept. We carry out several development projects, researches, trainings and policy advocacies to promote sustainable agriculture.

Sustainable Livelihood
With the rapid changes in socio-economic dynamics, environmental factors and stalemate in politico-governance, people in Nepal has become more vulnerable to economic shocks and change process.

Economic growth has remained stagnant at dismal figure. Similar is the condition of agricultural production. So, there is an increased risk of people living in poverty and further marginalization of these people. Thus, it is of utmost importance to develop and implement innovative measures capable of making their livelihood secure enough to face present problems.  Some of the measures include investment in sustainable agriculture and green sector. These common initiatives need proper environmental safe guard mechanism, proper knowledge and market access mechanism in order to increase their household income and to make their livelihood.

Ecological Services Centre has been working with farmer (both female and male) groups to increase their family income by providing opportunities in small scale income generating activities. Some of our interventions include non-timber forest product cultivation, organic vegetable farming, livestock rearing, enhancing market access, knowledge management and capacity building.

Indigenous Knowledge
Indigenous people house rich knowledge and have their own very distinctive methods of farming and conserving the environment. Through amalgam of their locally available resources and years of experiences, they store affluent information on how to sustainably produce food and at the same time to manage our ecosystem. Ecological Services Centre appreciates such tools and knowledge. We have been working in close co-operation with indigenous people from different parts of Nepal to identify such resources.

Conservation of Local Landraces
With industrialization in agriculture sector after the green revolution, mono-cropping has presided over the diversified farming. This has caused erosion in local landraces. Scientific studies reveal that these locally available varieties and breeds store valuable genes capable of tolerating severe climatic condition as well as pests and diseases. Ecological Services Centre, realizing this potential and value of local varieties, has been working with local farmers from different districts of Nepal to conserve and promote these landraces. Besides, we encourage farmers to establish seed banks and cultivate such locally available species.